Advertisement

Techniques of maxillary–mandibular fixation

  • Johnathan D. McGinn
    Correspondence
    Address reprint requests and correspondence: Johnathan D. McGinn, MD, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, PO Box 850, H091, Hershey, PA 17033
    Affiliations
    Division of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania
    Search for articles by this author
  • Fred G. Fedok
    Affiliations
    Division of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania
    Search for articles by this author
      Maxillary-mandibular fixation (MMF) methods are important in the surgical management of the lower facial skeleton. Various techniques have been described to fixate these bones during treatment of facial trauma, reconstruction, and orthognathic surgery. The utilization and technique of placement for Erich arch bars, Ivy loops, Ernst ligatures, and fixation screws are reviewed.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

      1. Hippocrates: Oiuvres Completes. The Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, 1928

        • Angle E.
        Classification of malocclusion.
        Dent Cosmos. 1899; 412 (350-357): 248-264
        • Bruno J.R.
        • Kempers K.G.
        • Silverstein K.
        Treatment of traumatic mandibular nonunion.
        J Craniomaxillofac Trauma. 1999; 5: 27-32
        • Smartt Jr., J.M.
        • Low D.W.
        • Bartlett S.P.
        The pediatric mandible: II.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005; 116: 28e-41e