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Introduction: Creating a 3D cadaveric and digital atlas

Published:October 21, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otot.2022.10.001
      The study of human anatomy dates far back as the 1600s BC, when meticulous examination of bodies of the deceased and recording of the structures on papyrus (the most famous of which being the Edwin Smith Surgical papyrus, an ancient Egyptian surgical treatise detailing traumatic injuries). These early diagrams transformed over the centuries, going from rudimentary sketches to detailed illustrations and descriptions aided by dissection of cadaveric models, though for much of human history were comprised of illustrated diagrams. By the 1900s, technology with photography and subsequently X-ray were developed allowing advances in documenting and showing the details of human anatomy.
      • Bisht B
      • Hope A
      • Paul MK.
      From papyrus leaves to bioprinting and virtual reality: History and innovation in anatomy.
      In modern days, multiple forms of anatomical texts, atlases, and videos exist to aid the medical learner. Many of these texts rely on two-dimensional (2D) images, both of cadaveric images but also of illustrative examples, demonstrating anatomy in a layer-by-layer progression. Mastery of anatomy is critical for any surgical procedure, and head and neck anatomy is complex, with a large number of critical neurovascular structures in a relatively small region. In this collection, we seek to present the challenging anatomical considerations in head and neck surgery through multi-modal three-dimensional (3D) technology.
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