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Open tracheotomy: 3D anatomy

Published:October 21, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otot.2022.10.002
      Tracheotomy is a very common surgical procedure in which an incision is made in the anterior tracheal wall and skin to create an airway. The indications for this procedure include prolonged endotracheal intubation, upper airway obstruction from any cause, improved pulmonary toilet, and in the setting of certain otolaryngologic procedures to facilitate access to the oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx, and may in some cases be required urgently or emergently. The background and basic technique are described herein, with a focus on anatomic features encountered with the assistance of 3-dimensional stereoscopic imaging.

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